The introduction is a preliminary part of a book, musical composition, or the like. It gives the overall information on the subject matter under the discussion either in chronology or at the definite moment of time. In other words, this is the invitation into the issue that will be analyzed thoroughly further in the paper. Hence, the introduction part of the dissertation is a leading up to its main part.
The sample dissertation introduction below offers the example of this type of paper on the matter of the resource conservation. Continue reading
Chapter 3: Population, Participation Rates, and Hours of Work
It is necessary to evaluate or compute the amount of labor organizations. The cumulative supply of labor is influenced by the size of the population, the participating labor force, and the summation of each weekly and annual hour worked. The size of the population describes the total number of employable people in the industry; the participating labor force describes the total number of employed individuals and the summation of the weekly and annual hours worked refers to the sum amount of the amount of hours worked altogether by the participating labor force.
Becker’s model of time allocation is also used to illustrate the participation rates. The model perceives families as creating value- yielding products by merging time and goods. From this perspective, family members distribute their time to participating in the labor market, producing family utilities, and product consumption based on a comparative advantage. That is, the time allocation model rates the participation rate of the family based on the occurrence of these distributions in other families. The participation rate of the labor refers to the actual labor force in terms of the percentage of the employable population.
There has been an increase in the cumulative participation rate from 59% to 66% since after the Second World War. This increase is owing to the increased rate of participation of females, which resultantly offsets the diminishing rates of participation in their male counterparts. Older males constitute a major portion of the declining rates of participation in males. The diminishing rates of participation in older males are a result of: the increasing earnings; the accessibility of private and public annuities; increased access to disability allowances, and; age. These wage profiles indicate a continuous declination in the leisure costs for older employees. The increase in the rate of participation for females has been attributed to: increasing relative earning rates for females; increased labor market work preferences in females; increasing family productivity,; deteriorating birthrates; increased matrimonial instability; increased job accessibility; efforts to sustain family living standards. There is almost an identical rate of participation in African-American and white females. Initially African-American women participation rates exceeded the rates in white women. Continue reading
Dissertation Chapter on Routing in VANET:
In the recent past, a couple of routing protocols for VANET have been proposed. In this research, we focus on the most vital ones.
GSR (Geographic Source Routing)
This protocol has been put forward as the promising routing strategy suitable for vehicular ad hoc networks in urban environments. It is dependable on the availability of a map and the shortest path is computed on the overlaid graph using the vertices as the junction nodes and boundaries as the streets that join the vertices. The progression of junctions creates the route to the destination hence allowing packets to be sent greedily between junctions. When using GSR, the connectivity between two junctions is not taken into consideration; therefore there might not be a connected route through the two junctions. Research has shown that this type of routing protocol is much more effective than AODV and DSR in packet delivery ratio. In heavily populated networks, GSR works better and forwards the packets since most roads are connected. Continue reading
This chapter describes the research design of this study. Following the introduction, this chapter is divided into sections that give detailed information on the research questions, hypothesis, and the analytical methods used in this study. The effects adolescent victimization is many. Scott (2002) stated that these effects as short and long term. Early adolescence is a crucial period of development due to many biological, cognitive, and social changes that occur during this time. Peer relationships and interactions during the middle school years greatly influence differentiation and individuation of self-concepts. It is during early adolescence that an extremely fragile sense of self begins to unfold. Adolescents in this stage of development are able to recognize contradictions in their self-concepts and in how they conceptualize others, but they are not yet able to explain or reconcile these contradictions (Harter, 1998). Experiences during this time of social development will shape eventual identity formation in later adolescence and early adulthood. Bergin and Bergin (2011, p. 391) described that scholars have managed considerable thought in understanding how victimization alters youth and influences abuse, including drugs, alcohol, and other substance use with mental health difficulties amongst youth nowadays.
1.2. Research Aims & Objectives
Research Questions: The study was guided by the following research questions:
What is the relationship between exposure to community violence and indicators of adolescent academic performance?
What are the differences in the indicators of academic performance of adolescents’ who have high perceptions of community violence and low perceptions of community violence?
How does the method of violence exposure (witnessing versus victimization versus both witness and victim) impact indicators of academic performance?
This is an extract from dissertation on decolonization:
During the last half millennium, the major European powers decided that it would be beneficial to their interests if they obtained colonies overseas to help with their economic expansion, among other things. They also wanted to develop capitalism and create a world market with an international division of labour. There were two main phases of colonial expansion (Chandra, 1992). The first of these was from 1450-1800, and the colonies were seen as places to trade with, but they didn’t produce raw materials and weren’t seen as markets. Colonialism meant conquest, plunder and small amounts of settlement. The second phase occurred after the industrial revolution when there was a great need for raw materials to be used in domestic factories. This period was from 1800-1945, and it was a phase of exploitation rather than a phase of expansion. The colonial leaders also saw the colonies as markets for the products that they produced at home, and they were often used against the interests of other competing colonial powers.
The implications of colonial rule on the colonies are considerable, and there was a large impact on local economics, culture and political systems. The manner in which decolonization took place also led to problems. Many geographers see a colonial past as probably the most important initial condition for underdevelopment. Although there is an obvious negative association between colonial rule and industrialisation, colonialism did give some benefits to the colonies. Continue reading
This is an extract from dissertation on the Holocaust:
All my life I have always been intrigued with Hitler and the Holocaust and how someone could rise to have that much power over millions of people. There are so many things we don’t know or maybe understand about the Holocaust, but it is a big part of history that many people choose to ignore it. Here is a little insight on some real events about what happened.
When Adolf Hitler was growing up, he said he wanted to be in some kind of military office and have people listen to what he had to say. On January 5, 1919, Hitler joined the German Worker’s Party. Only after a couple months Hitler was the head of the German party. He then changed the name to National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NASDP/Nazi). By 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany and outlawed all political parties other than the Nazi Party. By outlawing other political parties, Hitler gained almost full control over Germany and its people. The only thing Hitler really needed was power, and then he could begin killing off the Jewish people. The more control he had, the more people would listen. This was ideal for Hitler, but horrible for the Jews. Continue reading
This is extract from dissertation on comparative religion:
From the time when they began, religions and the differences between religions have provoked a majority of all of the conflicts that have occurred throughout history. Since 1095, when the Crusades began, until today a clash between Christianity and Islam has existed (Curry 38). And, both religions, at various points in their histories, have harbored prejudices against Judaism. It is impossible to answer why man cannot live in peace with his fellow man but it is possible to discuss the similarities and differences between these two monotheistic religions and the Jewish origin that they share. Jesus was a devout Jew and lived a Jewish lifestyle, teaching Jewish concepts. Christianity, therefore, has Judaism imbedded in it. Mohammed was raised in a city that was predominately Jewish and Christian. He adopted both sacred texts, the old and new testaments, to develop Islam. Despite the inter-religious conflicts throughout history, Christianity and Islam, through the influence of Judaism on each one’s founders, were originally derived from Judaism. These two major religions are monotheistic, incorporate Jewish texts and ideas into their own teachings, and otherwise have few fundamental differences from Judaism; they are both simply variations of it. Continue reading
This is an extract from dissertation on Online Dispute Resolution (ODR):
Soon after the advent of the Internet as a way of doing business we needed to come up with a way to settle disputes. This has become known as “Online Dispute Resolution” (ODR). ODR is a form of Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR). Both ODR and ADR or used for resolution of disputes on a form other then the traditional means of the judicial processes (Federal, 2003). Much enthusiasm exists for ODR because of the apparent speed, flexibility and affordability relative to traditional litigation in the courts, plus their ability to alleviate pressure on an already overloaded court system.
There are many Advantages to ODR. The court system is a very expensive and very slow. That is why e- commence is turning to ODR to replace litigation. ADR is cheaper, faster and more predictable than litigation. Instead of both sides paying for armies of lawyers, a single mediator or arbitrator can be used. This is one of the reasons ODR is extreme low cost because the high expensive lawyers are not needed. For a set low cost the natural ODR person will work with both parties to try to resolve the dispute (Onlineresolution). While there may be a dispute, a cost effective and confidential mechanism is much less likely to cause the animosity requisite to motivate parties to permanently terminate business relationships (Global, 2003). Some of the most common ways to handle ODR is though mediation, arbitration, Non-binding dispute resolution techniques (Federal, 2003) Continue reading
This is an extract from dissertation on Biomagnification:
Every year millions of people get cancer and it’s a major problem in the United States that many people do not like to think about because of how it could impact their lives! Some of these cancers can be linked to a process known as biomagnification, or biological magnification. Biomagnification is a result of bioaccumulation and they are related, yet very different (McGrath 78). These two terms, biomagnification and bioaccumulation, are processes that are causing more damage to the environment than most people think. There are many pollutants that affect these processes and they are commonly dumped into waterways or released into the air. Some of these common pollutants are DDT, PCBs, Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), lead, and mercury. These pollutants are catastrophic for Mother Nature, as well as humans. Biomagnification is a serious dilemma for life on Earth because it only takes a few pollutants to eventually concentrate to very high levels of toxicity in animals, including humans, after they have consumed lower-level organisms that have been previously contaminated with harmful pollutants. Continue reading
This is an extract from dissertation on Buddhism:
Buddhism and Kant’s theory are both two theories that in many ways are alike, but at the same time they are different. They share similar and different beliefs, and practices. In this dissertation I will describe Buddhism and Kant’s theories. I will also show the similarities and differences between these two theories.
Buddhism is a religion and a philosophy. Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddharta Gautama, who is known as Buddha. The main goal of a Buddhist is to reach nirvana. The Buddhist beliefs are called dharma. Dharma has many meanings. It can mean teachings, truth, and the elements of experience. Nirvana is emancipation from suffering. It is also detachment from desire. To reach nirvana it is essential to give up attachments to the things of this world, and to see the interconnectedness of everything, and to clear your mind so that you can see things the way they really are. Continue reading